History

First president of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad ordered for establishing biggest ever civilian award Bharat Ratna on January 2, 1954. Concept of awarding this award posthumously was not there in the original statute declared in January 1954...

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Key Points

Soon after the award was established its original concept followed presenting a circular gold medal that would have state emblem and motto and rest aspects as decided thereafter. Factors including concrete decision about design to choose...

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Diputes

Posthumous Bharat Ratna award to the Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in 1992 came into news for typical reasons. A Public Interest Litigation stalled everything and the award was forced to be withdrawn thereafter...

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Regulations

The Bharat Ratna is given to those perform differentiable services ranked in the highest edicts. This award was initially given to those associated with arts, science, literature and the public services as mentioned in 1954 regulations. The rules for the award were changed in December, 2011 and the implementation of adding those who perform services for human endeavour. The awards given as per 1954 did not allowed the retrospective awards which was later modified in year 1955 in January thus making Lal Bahadur Shastri the first ever person to receive the retrospective award in year 1966.

There is no designed process for making the nomination procedure; the Prime Minister of the country holds the right to suggest the name for the award nominations to President of India. Every year three people are nominated to receive the award. One who gets selected to receive the Bharat Ratna award is given a certificate named as Sanad that bears the signature of President of India. The awardee also receives a medal but no monetary benefits are given. As per the Constitution of India, Article 18 (1) the awardee does not holds the right to use the name of the award with their names either as their suffix or prefix. The only words that the awardee can use with their name are “Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President” or “Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award”. The awardees can use these words to show that they have received the award. The holder of this award is ranked under the 7th order of precedence in India.

The receiver of the award is also registered in The Gazette of India that is released and publicized by Department of Publication. This gazette is also utilized by Ministry of Urban Development for government official purposes. Recipients whose awards are revoked had to surrender their medals.