History

First president of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad ordered for establishing biggest ever civilian award Bharat Ratna on January 2, 1954. Concept of awarding this award posthumously was not there in the original statute declared in January 1954...

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Key Points

Soon after the award was established its original concept followed presenting a circular gold medal that would have state emblem and motto and rest aspects as decided thereafter. Factors including concrete decision about design to choose...

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Diputes

Posthumous Bharat Ratna award to the Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in 1992 came into news for typical reasons. A Public Interest Litigation stalled everything and the award was forced to be withdrawn thereafter...

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Inception and Description

As chosen in the original specification the circular gold medal was shaped 35 mm in diameter which had Devanagari inscription Bharat Ratna with additional symbolic signs of sun to recognize the legend being a\warded. A floral wreath was inscribed in the lower portion. State emblem and motto was carried in the opposite side of the medal. A white ribbon was used for the medal to be worn around the neck. No information is available about above mentioned specifications of medal design because drastic change was brought in the design next year of introduction itself. Today this high decoration award is shaped like peepal leaf whose measurement is approximately 5.8 cm length, 4.7 cm width and thickness is 3.1 mm. Toned bronze is used to prepare this medal. Reverse side of the medal has sun’s embossed replica with the diameter of 1.6 cm and just below is embossed the Bharat Ratna in Devanagari. The state emblem and motto is inscribed on the reverse side through using Devanagari script. Platnium is used to develop the sun, emblem and rim of this medal. Burnished bronze is used for such inscriptions.