History

First president of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad ordered for establishing biggest ever civilian award Bharat Ratna on January 2, 1954. Concept of awarding this award posthumously was not there in the original statute declared in January 1954...

Read More...

Key Points

Soon after the award was established its original concept followed presenting a circular gold medal that would have state emblem and motto and rest aspects as decided thereafter. Factors including concrete decision about design to choose...

Read More...

Diputes

Posthumous Bharat Ratna award to the Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in 1992 came into news for typical reasons. A Public Interest Litigation stalled everything and the award was forced to be withdrawn thereafter...

Read More...

History

First president of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad ordered for establishing biggest ever civilian award Bharat Ratna on January 2, 1954. Concept of awarding this award posthumously was not there in the original statute declared in January 1954. That is why Mahatma Gandhi wasn’t awarded with this award to highlight his exceptional role in nation building. Provision to award posthumously was finally added in January 1966 statute of this prestigious award. Records till recently show that 12 subsequent posthumous awards was given ever out of which the one in 1992 awarded to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose posthumously was finally withdrawn after finding legal procedures. It was first ever case of award withdrawal since the award was established. The time period from 13 July 1977 to 26 January 1980 saw this award getting suspended for a brief period.

In fact hardly any formal provision was introduced to peruse for this award to be awarded to Indians only as general perception is for Indian citizens but its recipients could be foreigners too. Out of the 41 Bharat Ratna Awards awarded ever since it was established one in 1980 was awarded to Mother Teresa in the naturalized Indian citizen category. Two of the total awards given are for non-Indians too that included Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan in 1987 and one in 1990 awarded to Nelson Mandela. Questions arose for multiple litigations and constitutional bases why to award it to foreigners. Debates still continue.